Essential knee terminology
Debridement search for term

Debridement means surgically removing excess or damaged soft tissue within the knee joint piece by piece.

Deep peroneal nerve search for term

The deep branch of the common peroneal nerve.

Deep vein thrombosis search for term

Deep vein thrombosis is a serious condition in which a clot occurs in the deep veins of the leg.

DeLee osteotomy search for term

A surgical procedure to improve the position of the patella when it has become too low.

DeNovo NT search for term

DeNovo NT is a scaffold-free proprietory minced cartilage ('Natural Allograft Tissue') in a fluid suspension, sold for repairing cartilage defects.

Diagnostic arthroscopy search for term

Keyhole examination of the inside of the knee without actually performing any surgical procedures.

Dial test search for term

A test for the integrity of the posterolateral corner, where the patient lies on their tummy, knees bent to 90 degrees, and the surgeon 'dials' the feet outwards.

Disability search for term

A disability is a physical or mental impairment that prevents a person from achieving to full potential.

Discoid meniscus search for term

A discoid meniscus is an unusual meniscus variant, and is wider than the normal crescentic shape. Its presence may or may not be associated with symptoms.

Dislocation of the knee search for term

Knee injury where most or all of the ligaments of the knee become disrupted and the thighbone (femur) dislocates from the shinbone (tibia).

Dislocation of the patella search for term

Dislocation of the patella is when the kneecap (patella) comes right out of the groove in the thighbone (femoral groove) in which it normally rides.

Distal search for term

Distal is a positional word, meaning the lower end of a structure such as a bone.

Distal femoral osteotomy search for term

A distal femoral osteotomy is a surgical procedure to cut and realign the lower end of the femur bone, in order to change the forces going through the one side of the joint.

Donor meniscus search for term

A knee meniscus donated for transplant.

Donut brace search for term

A knee brace with a hold cut out of the centre to accommodate the kneecap.

Dorsum search for term

The upper surface.

Double varus search for term

Bow legs (varus alignment) together with deficiency of the lateral collateral ligament.

Double-bundle ACL graft search for term

ACL surgery using two bundles of graft material, to try to mimic the normal ligament.

Double-level osteotomy search for term

A double-level osteotomy involves a high tibial osteotomy and a distal femoral osteotomy in the same procedure in patients who have marked alignment problems.

Drive-thru sign search for term

An abnormally big space where the surgeon can 'drive thru' with the arthroscope to easily visualise the back of the knee joint.

Drop-out cast search for term

A drop-out cast is a splint for improving knee extension.

DVT search for term

Abbreviation for deep vein thrombosis.

Dysplasia search for term

Dysplasia means 'abnormal shape' so that a dysplastic body part is abnormal in shape

Dysplastic search for term

Abnormal in shape.