Essential knee terminology
Galeazzi Procedure search for term

The Galeazzi procedure is a surgical procedure to stabilise the patella.

Gastrocnemius muscle search for term

The gastrocnemius muscle is the big muscle that makes the bulge at the back of the calf.

Gateshead rods search for term

Gateshead rods are tiny carbon fibre rods inserted into drill holes on damaged joint cartilage.

General practitioner search for term

A General Practitioner (GP) is the term used by many English speaking countries for the Primary Care Physician (PCP) or Family Doctor.

Genu valgum search for term

The word 'genu' means 'knee'. Genu valgum means 'knock knee'.

Genu varum search for term

The word 'genu' means 'knee'. Genu varum means 'bow knees' or 'bow-legs'.

Gerdy's Tubercle search for term

Gerdy's tubercle is the bony bump on the outer side of the tibia bone just below the knee joint to which attaches the iliotibial band and tensor fascia lata.

Giving way search for term

When one talks of the knee 'giving way' it means that the knee suddenly and unexpectedly is unable to support the person, and the leg just buckles, leading to stumbling or falling.

Glucosamine search for term

Glucosamine is an amino sugar that is found in the 'extra cellular matrix' (background material) of cartilage and is thought to promote its formation and repair.

Gonarthritis search for term

'Gon' means 'knee'. 'Arthrosis' means 'disorder of the joint'. Gonarthrosis thus means a disorder of the knee joint, generally inferring early joint surface damage of any kind, while 'gonarthritis' infers more advanced arthritic destruction.

Gonarthrosis search for term

'Gon' means 'knee'. 'Arthrosis' means 'disorder of the joint'. Gonarthrosis thus means a disorder of the knee joint, generally implying early joint surface damage of any kind, while 'gonarthritis' implies more advanced arthritic destruction.

Goniometer search for term

A goniometer is a device for measuring the range of motion of a joint.

Gore-Tex search for term

Gore-Tex is the trade name for expanded polytetrafluoroethylene (PTFE).

Gout search for term

Gout is a disorder characterised by severe, painful joint inflammation due to the deposition in the joint of uric acid crystals.

GP search for term

Abbreviation for General Practitioner, ie family doctor.

Gracilis search for term

The gracilis is one of the 'pes anserinus' tendons, and also a hamstring tendon.

Grade IV arthritis search for term

Arthritic destruction of the joint cartilage to the point of exposed underlying bone.

Graft search for term

A graft is an implantation of body tissue into a different situation, where it will grow its own blood supply and start to function in the new postion.

Graft fixation search for term

Graft fixation is the mechanism by which a graft is attached to bone.

Graft harvest search for term

A graft 'harvest' is the procedure of taking body material for use in a graft, such as a ligament graft, a meniscus graft or a bone graft.

Graft impingement search for term

When a graft, such as a cruciate ligament reconstruction graft, interferes with the smooth functioning of the joint by scraping along the sharp edge of bone or by bunching up into a lump.

Graft versus host search for term

Instead of a person's body rejecting a graft transplant, the graft rejects the person who becomes ill as a result.

Graze search for term

A graze is a superficial injury where the knee is scraped along a rough surface, eg the road.

Gross anatomy search for term

Gross anatomy means anatomy that you can see with your eyes, not needing a microscope.

Growth factors search for term

A growth factor is a naturally occurring substance capable of stimulating cellular growth, proliferation, healing, and cellular differentiation.

Growth plate search for term

An area of bone, near the end of the bone, from which the new bone cells develop.

Growth spurt search for term

That period in teenage years when an adolescent grows very suddenly.