A cruciate ligament reconstruction involves the use of graft material for creating a new cruciate ligament.
Page updated November 2023 by Dr Sheila Strover (Clinical Editor)
Is cruciate ligament reconstruction a major surgery?
A cruciate ligament tear is a major injury because of the long-term potential for knee instability, subsequent meniscus damage and the development of osteoarthritis. The reconstruction surgery, however, if expertly performed, can be relatively easy, although rehabilitation may be somewhat arduous. Decisions will need to be made about the choice of graft material, and this will affect the rehabilitation.
How is cruciate ligament reconstruction performed?
In adults, cruciate reconstruction involves drilling holes in both the tibial and the femur, pulling the prepared graft material through, and fixing the ends. The exact procedure will depend upon the choice of graft material.
Is cruciate ligament reconstruction successful?
If the procedure is expertly done, and rehabilitation followed diligently, then this is usually a very successful procedure. Unfortunately is is often the ambitious sportsperson who gets this injury in the first place, and their goal is often return to sport at the same level. This may result in re-rupture.
- The rebuild process - ACL No. 5 - the Polyfilla story
When things go wrong with ACL reconstruction...and the long road back.
"Current evidence suggests average long-term outcomes are similar following management of ACL rupture with ACLR [ACL reconstruction] and rehabilitation or with rehabilitation alone...For some patients, not returning to sport can negatively impact long-term QOL [Quality of Life], but returning to pivoting sport increases the risk of subsequent knee injury...To reduce the risk for subsequent injury, pivoting sport athletes with ACLR should pass functional criteria for return to sport and delay full participation for at least nine months after surgery"
Citation: Filbay SR, Grindem H. Evidence-based recommendations for the management of anterior cruciate ligament (ACL) rupture. Best Pract Res Clin Rheumatol. 2019 Feb;33(1):33-47. doi: 10.1016/j.berh.2019.01.018. Epub 2019 Feb 21. PMID: 31431274; PMCID: PMC6723618.
There is currently no content classified with this term.
Cruciate injury -
Surgery for ACL injuries -
2012 - Double bundle, traditional single bundle or 'more anatomic' single bundle ACL reconstruction? - by Dr (Mr) Paul Trikha (Knee Surgeon)
2010 - Graft Choice in ACL reconstructions - The Place of Allografts - by Dr (Mr) Ian McDermott (Knee Surgeon)
Other specialist opinions -
- Expert view - Predicting the need for ACL reconstruction - by Dr (Mr) Ramakrishnan (Ram) Venkatesh (Knee Surgeon)