Arthroscopy means 'looking into a joint'.

arthroscopy
arthroscopy view of normal cartilage

 

Technique of arthroscopy

Arthroscopy is a surgical procedure, where the surgeon operates on the knee through several small cuts, and using long, fine instruments.

Light is shone into the knee through an instrument called an arthroscope, which has a small lens at the far end to angle the light beam. The same instrument has attachments to allow an inflow under pressure of sterile water-based fluid to expand and wash the joint, and an outflow under suction to extract any tissue which has been cut away.

Both arthroscope and instruments are introduced into the knee via small cuts - called portals.

Synonyms: 
keyhole surgery
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Diagnostic Arthroscopy

This course gives one an overview of the anatomy of the knee as the surgeon sees it during arthroscopy. The reader will get an idea of how the surgeon's view inside the knee is dependent upon the positioning of the portals and instruments.

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CLINICAL PUBLICATIONS

Basic Knee Arthroscopy Part 1: Patient Positioning Ward BD and Lubowitz JH. Arthrosc Tech. 2013 Nov; 2(4): e497–e499.

Basic Knee Arthroscopy Part 2: Surface Anatomy and Portal Placement. Ward BD and Lubowitz JH. Arthrosc Tech. 2013 Nov; 2(4): e501–e502.

Basic Knee Arthroscopy Part 3: Diagnostic Arthroscopy. Ward BD and Lubowitz JH. Arthrosc Tech. 2013 Nov; 2(4): e503–e505.

Basic Knee Arthroscopy Part 4: Chondroplasty, Meniscectomy, and Cruciate Ligament Evaluation. Ward BD and Lubowitz JH. Arthrosc Tech. 2013 Nov; 2(4): e507–e508.


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