The anterior cruciate ligament is one of the two cruciate ligaments inside the knee. It prevents the tibia from excessive forward motion relative to the femur, and also prevents too much inwards twisting.

anterior cruciate ligament tension of anterior cruciate in extension  
The anterior cruciate ligament tethers the femur to the tibia, attaching to the femur within the notch. The ligament is comprised of two bundles - the anteromedial and the posterolateral bundle, and they separately take the loads in flexion and extension. The wide footprint and the complexity of the two bundles have given surgeons a lot of headaches in their attempts over the years to reproduce the anatomy during a reconstruction procedure.
Synonyms: 
ACL
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Cruciate Ligament Library

Library of excerpts from the medical literature about Cruciate Ligaments, with links to PubMed

An abstract of a study by Dr Raju Vaishya on how some simple tests may identify some athletes at risk of an ACL tear.

There is a lot of interest at present in the high and growing incidence of ACL injuries in females, and this paper explores some of the work to identify the reason for this.

The Sherman System classifies the site of the ACL ligament tear for documentation purposes.

Knee bones from front (bent knee)

Brief introduction to the bony anatomy of the knee, with clear illustrations.

Cruciate Ligaments

An overview of the many issues facing a patient with a cruciate ligament tear.

A publication highlighting the factors affecting injury of the ACL and ACL rehabilitation.

Pages

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CLINICAL PUBLICATIONS

Anatomy of the anterior cruciate ligament. Duthon VB, Barea C, Abrassart S, Fasel JH, Fritschy D and Ménétrey J. Knee Surg Sports Traumatol Arthrosc. 2006 Mar;14(3):204-13. Epub 2005 Oct 19.

A Systematic Summary of Systematic Reviews on the Topic of the Anterior Cruciate Ligament. Anderson MJ, Browning WM III, Urband CE, Kluczynski MA and Bisson LJ. Orthop J Sports Med. 2016 Mar; 4(3): 2325967116634074.


See also -


ACL Repair in Children - ebook