Foot pumps are rehabilitation exercises to prevent vein clots when the lower limb is likely to be immobilised for a period of time.

foot pumps

Forcibly rocking the foot from the ankle activates the muscle pump in the calf.

venous pump of the calf

As the calf muscles contract and compress the vein, the blood can only move in one direction - back to the heart.


The muscle pump in the calf

The veins of the lower limbs rely on a series of valves to help move the blood back to the heart. As the calf muscles contract, the blood - unable to go back down because of the valves - moves up back to the heart. This keeps the circulation going, and helps to prevent blood clots in the calf (deep vein thrombosis).

This article offers a suite of early knee rehabilitation exercises for the damaged knee.

A-Z of Rehabilitation Exercises

An alphabetical list of the sort of exercises usually prescribed by physiotherapists for knee rehabilitation.

Foot pumps

An early, but important, little exercise.