|Range of motion (ROM) is measured with a device called a goniometer. Range of motion exercises focus on improving active and passive flexion and extension.||Strengthening exercises such as full arc extensions can be started as soon as the knee is 'calm' after injury or surgery.||Once the regime of knee exercises is well established, patients can work on their hips and lower back.|
Early knee ROM exercises
- patellar mobilisations
- seated towel stretch (see eBook)
- face down rope stretch (see eBook)
- lying wall slides
- prone hangs
- heel prop (see eBook)
Early knee strengthening exercises
Effectiveness of physiotherapy exercise after knee arthroplasty for osteoarthritis: systematic review and meta-analysis of randomised controlled trials. Minns Lowe CJ, Barker KL, Dewey M, and Sackley CM. BMJ. 2007 Oct 20; 335(7624): 812.
Knee range of motion
Video discussing range of motion of the knee, and how to measure it.