Range of motion (ROM) is measured with a device called a goniometer. Range of motion exercises focus on improving active and passive flexion and extension.
Strengthening exercises such as full arc extensions can be started as soon as the knee is 'calm' after injury or surgery.
Early knee ROM exercises
- patellar mobilisations
- seated towel stretch (see eBook)
- face down rope stretch (see eBook)
- lying wall slides
- prone hangs
- heel prop (see eBook)
Early knee strengthening exercises
Effectiveness of physiotherapy exercise after knee arthroplasty for osteoarthritis: systematic review and meta-analysis of randomised controlled trials. Minns Lowe CJ, Barker KL, Dewey M, and Sackley CM. BMJ. 2007 Oct 20; 335(7624): 812.
Knee range of motion
Video discussing range of motion of the knee, and how to measure it.