'Carticel' is the trade name given to the cell culture grown from a patient's joint cartilage, and then returned to the patient to replace damaged cartilage.



The surgical procedure of harvesting, culturing and replacing the cells is called autologous chondrocyte implantation (ACI) or autologous chondrocyte transfer (ACT). 'Genzyme Biosurgery' is the company who developed the whole laboratory technique.



A Road Map to Commercialization of Cartilage Therapy in the United States of America. BanuPriya Sridharan, PhD,1 Blanka Sharma, PhD,2 and Michael S. Detamore, PhDcorresponding author1,,3 Tissue Eng Part B Rev. 2016 Feb 1; 22(1): 15–33.

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