The word 'genu' means 'knee'. Genu valgum means 'knock knee'.

Valgus means the same and is an adjective, eg valgus deformity, valgus force.


The lives of some elderly people are rendered miserable by progressive bow-leg deformity brought on by arthritic destruction of both knee joints.

Total knee replacement offers a chance for a return to a near normal life, but can be demanding on the surgeon when the condition has been allowed to progress to extremes.