The word 'genu' means 'knee'. Genu valgum means 'knock knee'.

Valgus means the same and is an adjective, eg valgus deformity, valgus force.

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Arthritic bow legs - how surgery can change a life

The lives of some elderly people are rendered miserable by progressive bow-leg deformity brought on by arthritic destruction of both knee joints.

Total knee replacement offers a chance for a return to a near normal life, but can be demanding on the surgeon when the condition has been allowed to progress to extremes.

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