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Genu varum

The word 'genu' means 'knee'. Genu varum means 'bow knees' or 'bow-legs'.

Varus means the same but is an adjective, eg varus deformity, varus force.

Developmental genu varum in children

Bow legs are common in toddlers before the age of 4 years. Most kids simply grow out of it and no treatment is usually necessary.

Adult genu valgum

Bowing may develop later in life, as arthritis breaks down the inner (medial) aspect of the knee joint, often due to a meniscus having been removed some years earlier ('medial compartment' arthritis).

In countries where diet and health may be poor, bow legs may also occur from such things as scurvy.

Realignment osteotomy for knee pain - a course by Adrian Wilson, FRCS

03 Feb, 2008

Osteotomy is the procedure of cutting a bone and realigning it to improve anatomy and function. This course by Adrian Wilson, FRCS, focuses on surgical realignment of the femur or tibia in patients whose knee symptoms can be alleviated by altering the forces through one or other side of the knee joint.


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