Compartment syndrome is a situation where there is sudden and dangerously increased fluid pressure within a confined muscle region.
Compartment syndrome is a medical emergency
A sudden pressure increase within an enclosed anatomical area in a limb may lead to failure of blood supply to the muscles there, with potential death of the muscles.
Note the four ‘p’ rule of compartment syndrome (pain, pallor, paraesthesia and pain with passive stretch).
Lower extremity compartment syndrome. Cone J and Inaba K. Trauma Surg Acute Care Open. 2017; 2(1): e000094.
Compartment syndrome after total knee arthroplasty: regarding a clinical case da Costa Pinheiro AA, Costa Marques PDD, Gomes Sá PM, Fernandes Oliveira C, Ferreira da Silva BP and Varino de Sousa CM. Rev Bras Ortop. 2015 Jul-Aug; 50(4): 478–481.
Current thinking about acute compartment syndrome of the lower extremity. Shadgan B, Menon M, Sanders D, Berry G, Martin C Jr., Duffy P, Stephen D and O’Brien PJ. Can J Surg. 2010 Oct; 53(5): 329–334.