Oedema is excess fluid in the soft tissues.


Test for oedema

Besides the swollen appearance of the tissues, the oedema can be confirmed by pressing an examining finger into the tissues for a count of ten, and then removing it. In oedema this will leave a dent in the tissues.


Enclosing the articulating part of the knee joint is a water-tight capsule made of a strong fibrous material lined on the inside with a thin layer of secretory cells.

Assessing the severely swollen knee after an injury

On the sports field, the practitioner may have to make a quick assessment of the severity of a knee injury. This paper discusses how one might evaluate the injured knee that has suddenly filled up with blood.