Manipulation under anaesthesia (MUA) is a procedure to improve the range of movement of a stiff joint, performed while the patient is anaesthetised to relax all the muscles.


How MUA is performed

The patient is anaesthetised and a femoral block may be performed to offer pain relief even after the patient awakes. During the anaesthetic, the surgeon bends and straightens the knee a number of times to break the adhesions. When the knee is able to bend to about 120 degrees it is held flexed for a minute or so. Then the bending and straightening is performed again. After the procedure, motion may be continued with a CPM machine and adequate pain relief.

Q&A-style article all about arthrofibrosis.

Article about the place of revision arthroplasty after failure of primary arthroplasty due to arthrofibrosis.

Arthrofibrosis Library

Library of excerpts from the medical literature about Arthrofibrosis, with links to PubMed

An overview of the common surgical managements for arthrofibrosis, and their effectiveness.

A discussion based upon an interesting thread in the KNEEguru Forum (bulletin board).

An 'interpretation' of a paper published in 2000 which discusses the critical importance of competent rehabilitation in preventing arthrofibrotic scarring inside the knee after cruciate ligament reconstruction.



Timing of manipulation under anaesthesia for stiffness after total knee arthroplasty. Mamarelis G,Sunil-Kumar KH and Khanduja V. Ann Transl Med. 2015 Nov; 3(20): 316.

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