Joint replacement is removing damaged joint cartilage and underlying bone and replacing it with metal and plastic.

 

Joint replacement in the knee

In the knee the surgeon can replace the whole joint, or part of the joint.

partial knee replacement total knee replacement on model  
Tibiofemoral partial knee replacement, replacing one compartment of the joint. Model bones to show the components of a total knee replacement. In fact this only shows replacement of the tibiofemoral joints, but the patellofemoral are generally also replaced.  
Synonyms: 
Arthroplasty
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Article about the place of revision arthroplasty after failure of primary arthroplasty due to arthrofibrosis.

Discussion looking at the alternatives to a joint replacement in active patients whose osteoarthritis tends to be limited.

Metallosis after knee replacement

Particle induced aseptic loosening as well as hypersensitivity to metal ions are two factors that should be considered in knee replacements that are giving problems.

Partial knee replacement

Replacing just one compartment with artificial components.

An important issue.

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CLINICAL PUBLICATIONS

Lessons Learned From Managing a Prospective, Private Practice Joint Replacement Registry: A 25-year Experience. Carothers JT, White RE, Tripuraneni KR, Hattab MW and Archibeck MJ. Clin Orthop Relat Res. 2013 Feb; 471(2): 537–543.


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