An arthroscope is the main instrument used for looking into the knee during keyhole surgery - ie arthroscopy.

Surgeon with arthroscope in one hand and fluid irrigation inlet in the other. These are inserted via small 'portals'. Instruments for performing surgical procedures are also inserted via portals.


Components of the arthroscope

Light is shone into the knee through the arthroscope, which has a small lens at the far end to angle the light beam. Fibre-optics relay the view to a monitor which is usually mounted at the surgeon's eye level behind the operating table.


Diagnostic Arthroscopy

This course gives one an overview of the anatomy of the knee as the surgeon sees it during arthroscopy. The reader will get an idea of how the surgeon's view inside the knee is dependent upon the positioning of the portals and instruments.



Giants of Orthopaedic Surgery: Masaki Watanabe MD. DeMaio M. Clin Orthop Relat Res. 2013 Aug; 471(8): 2443–2448.

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