Varus malalignment is abnormal bowing of the knee, to the outer side.

varus deformity in one knee

Standing long-leg X-rays allow the weightbearing mechanical axis to be drawn from hip to ankle, and reveals that there is a varus deformity in the one knee. That is, the axis passes normally through the middle of the joint in one knee, but is medial to the joint in the abnormal knee (red arrow).

varus thrust on walking

In early cases it may be apparent without X-rays, because of a thrust of the joint to the outer side when walking (varus thrust).



Dr Sheila Strover (Editor)
BSc (Hons), MB BCh, MBA

See biography...