Tissue engineering uses combinations of cells, biodegradeable scaffolds and other biological substances to repair or replace body parts.


Tissue engineering is a broad term

The term encompasses the use of biocompatible and biodegradable scaffolds, cells, hydrogels, and necessary growth factors in a damaged body part to mimic the native features of the specific tissue and provide support until it matures.


An overview of current stem cell practice relating to the knee and a hint of the future.

An 'interpretation' of an article from 2004 discussing the concepts of re-growing a meniscus from scaffolds and stem cells.



Scaffolding in tissue engineering: general approaches and tissue-specific considerations. Chan BP and Leong KW. Eur Spine J. 2008 Dec; 17(Suppl 4): 467–479.

Injectable hydrogels for cartilage and bone tissue engineering Liu M, Zeng X, Ma C, Yi H, Ali Z, Mou X, Li S, Deng Y and He N. Bone Res. 2017; 5: 17014.

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