Tibial torsion is a condition where the tibia bone is abnormally twisted, often leading to problems with kneecap pain.


Article with photos about the rotational deformities involved in the condition of miserable malalignment.

Discussing rotational problems with the log bones of the leg and how they can affect the kneecap.



How much femoral anteversion & tibial torsion is too much?

Cycling with tibial torsion.

Teen with external tibial torsion surgery or not


Proximal tibial derotation osteotomy for torsion of the tibia: a review of 43 cases. Walton DM, Liu RW, Farrow LD and Thompson GH. J Child Orthop. 2012 Mar; 6(1): 81–85.

See also -

Anterior Knee Pain - an approach to investigation - ebook