A realignment osteotomy realigns the long bones where they are abnormally bowed or knocked to improve the distribution of forces through the joint.

opening-wedge osteotomy
laminar spreaders for opening wedge osteotomy
opening wedge osteotomy

 

Techniques of realignment osteotomy in the knee

The procedure has the advantage of improving pain and function of the knee without the surgery actually involving the knee joint itself, as the bone cuts are made either above or below the knee joint. A wedge may be opened up ('opening-wedge') or a wedge may be removed ('closing-wedge') and the new alignment of the limb fixed with plates and sometimes bone grafts until the bone has healed in the new position. The plates may later be removed.

Synonyms: 
osteotomy
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Discussion looking at the alternatives to a joint replacement in active patients whose osteoarthritis tends to be limited.

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