Patellofemoral syndrome is pain experienced around the kneecap and which may be caused by a combination of several possible factors.


Non-specific diagnosis

A syndrome is a collection of related symptoms. In patellofemoral syndrome the pain is felt in the region of the kneecap, but the root cause may be elsewhere, causing an imbalance of forces that affect kneecap tracking - it is important that the clinician tries to identify what is causing the pain. A common cause is knock knees (dynamic valgus) with flat feet.

Patellofemoral pain syndrome
Anterior knee pain syndrome

Patellofemoral Pain

Dr Ronald Grelsamer goes into substantial detail in this richly illustrated course, outlining and discussing the various possible causes of pain in the kneecap region.



Chronic PFS- need advice, feel I've tried everything

Went from healthy to PFS and cant bear weight within 2 months?

Hot or cold therapy for PFS pain?


Patellofemoral pain syndrome in female athletes: A review of diagnoses, etiology and treatment options. Vora M, Curry E, Chipman A, Matzkin E and Li X. Orthop Rev (Pavia). 2017 Dec 14; 9(4): 7281.

Patellofemoral pain in athletes. Petersen W, Rembitzki I and Liebau C. Open Access J Sports Med. 2017; 8: 143–154.

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