Patellofemoral pain syndrome is a group of symptoms related to the joint between the kneecap (patella) and its underlying groove in the femur bone, as well as the soft tissues related to the patella, such as the fat pad.

Hoffa fat pad
The condition is also known as 'anterior knee pain'. 


Causes of patellofemoral pain syndrome

In reality, although the pain is experienced in the front of the knee, the underlying cause may be remote - such as a hip problem or a bony rotation in the hip or thigh, or even a structural problem in the foot and ankle.

Patellofemoral syndrome
Anterior knee pain

Pain syndromes related to the patella

A syndrome is a collection of signs and symptoms that tend to occur together.

A list of useful resources for patellar patients.

An explanation of factors affecting measurement of the Q-angle.

Physiothrapist, Lee Herrington, explores those problems that may cause pain in the front of the knee.

Discussing rotational problems with the log bones of the leg and how they can affect the kneecap.

What are the common kneecap problems?

A quick overview of kneecap problems to help you with your research.




Examination of the patellofemoral joint. Manske RC and Davies GJ. Int J Sports Phys Ther. 2016 Dec; 11(6): 831–853.

Patellofemoral pain syndrome in female athletes: A review of diagnoses, etiology and treatment options. Molly Vora,1 Emily Curry,2 Amanda Chipman,3 Elizabeth Matzkin,4 and Xinning Li1 Orthop Rev (Pavia). 2017 Dec 14; 9(4): 7281.

Patellofemoral pain in athletes: clinical perspectives. Halabchi F, Abolhasani M, Mirshahi M and Alizadeh Z. Open Access J Sports Med. 2017; 8: 189–203.

See also -

Anterior Knee Pain - an approach to investigation - ebook