An osteochondral graft is plug of bone and cartilage that can be press-fitted into a prepared hole to replace a defect in the joint cartilage.

Osteochondral allograft double osteochondral allograft  
Allograft allows for larger plugs that can fill a single defect. More than one plug can be used at a time.  


Osteochondral autograft or allograft?

In early osteochondral graft techniques the plugs were harvested along the outer edges of the groove in the patient's own femur (autograft), but nowadays cadaver femur can be purchased (pre-sterilised) and the plugs can be taken from that source (allograft).


Surgical cartilage repair for knee osteoarthritis

An overview of the various options available for surgical cartilage repair of the knee.

Report of a visit to JRF Ortho, who supply allografts to surgeons.

Discussion looking at the alternatives to a joint replacement in active patients whose osteoarthritis tends to be limited.

This is the editor's 'interpretation' of a 2011 publication in the medical journals that gives an overview of cartilage injury, a brief description of current treatment options and outcomes, and a discussion of principles and techniques of MACI.



MR imaging of osteochondral grafts and autologous chondrocyte implantation. Trattnig S, Millington SA, Szomolanyi P and Marlovits S. Eur Radiol. 2007 Jan; 17(1): 103–118.

See also:

Knee arthritis interventions when you are too young for a total knee replacement - ebook