Meniscal extrusion is when the meniscus becomes loose from its moorings and slips out over the edge of the top of the tibia.

tear of the posterior root of the medial meniscus meniscal extrusion Arthritis can develop very quickly as the joint cartilage of femur and tibia break down.
Tear of the posterior root of the medial meniscus. The meniscus becomes incompetent at absorbing vertical forces. The vertical pressure pushes it over the edge of the tibial plateau, leaving the bones in contact with one another.  

 

Meniscal extrusion and knee arthritis

Extrusion of the meniscus may be a result of a tear of the meniscus near the root or an avulsion (pulling away) of the root from the underlying tibia bone. As the meniscus slips over the edge of the tibia, it becomes totally incompetent as a shock absorber, and the cartilage covering the bones may rapidly become stressed and damaged, resulting in arthritis.

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An explanation of what it means to have a 'floating' knee meniscus on MRI imaging.

An interpretation of a 2015 published medical article on meniscal root tears.

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CLINICAL PUBLICATIONS

Medial Meniscus Extrusion on Knee MRI: Is Extent Associated with Severity of Degeneration or Type of Tear? Costa CR1, Morrison WB and Carrino JA. American Journal of Roentgenology. Volume 183, Issue 1.

The MRI findings of meniscal root tear of the medial meniscus: emphasis on coronal, sagittal and axial images. Choi SH, Bae S, Ji SK, Chang MJ. Knee Surg Sports Traumatol Arthrosc. 2012 Oct;20(10):2098-2103. Epub 2011 Nov 24.

Medial Meniscus Root Tear in the Middle Aged Patient: A Case Based Review. Carreau JH, Sitton SE and Bollier M. Iowa Orthop J. 2017; 37: 123–132..


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