A meniscal cyst is a fluid-filled tender lump at the joint line of the knee, arising from the meniscus shock absorber.

mechanism of a meniscal cyst

With walking, the clam-like split may allow fluid to enter, but a valve-action hinders it from leaving. Fluid pressure builds up inside the cavity.

meniscal cyst originating from a horizontal cleavage tear of the meniscus

Eventually the fluid pushes out the outer rim of the meniscus.

 

How to diagnose a meniscal cyst

Meniscal cysts are more frequent on the lateral side of the knee, often in association with a horizontal tear of the meniscus. External rotation of the tibia may cause the lateral mass to become more prominent, while internal rotation of the tibia may cause the mass to completely disappear. Ultrasound may be useful in establishing the presence of fluid in the lump, and the diagnosis can be confirmed with MRI.

Synonyms: 
Meniscus cyst
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Meniscal cyst

Article explaining how meniscal cysts form and how they are diagnosed and treated.

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CLINICAL PUBLICATIONS

Meniscal cysts. Lantz B and Singer KM. Clin Sports Med. 1990 Jul;9(3):707-25.

A contribution to Pisani's sign for diagnosing lateral meniscal cysts: a technical report. Pinar H, Boya H, Satoglu IS and Oztekin HH. Knee Surg Sports Traumatol Arthrosc. 2009 Apr;17(4):402-4. doi: 10.1007/s00167-008-0718-4. Epub 2009 Jan 31.

MRI characteristics of cysts and “cyst-like” lesions in and around the knee: what the radiologist needs to know. Perdikakis E and Skiadas V. Insights Imaging. 2013 Jun; 4(3): 257–272.


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