HIV is an abbreviation of the term 'human immunodeficiency virus'.
HIV and AIDS
HIV is the virus that causes AIDS, and it is very relevant in orthopaedics because of the issues of transmission during surgery.
Outcomes of Total Knee Arthroplasty in Human Immunodeficiency Virus-Positive Patients. Roof MA, Anoushiravani AA, Chen KK, Moses MJ, Wolfson T, Poultsides L and Schwarzkopf R. J Knee Surg. 2019 Apr 8. doi: 10.1055/s-0039-1684011. [Epub ahead of print].