A focal cartilage implant is an implant of metal, ceramic or plastic that replaces a small area of damaged joint cartilage

focal implant of femoral condyle

Small implant on the condyle of the femur.

trochlear implant

Trochlear implant for arthritic damage to the groove of the femur (trochlear groove).

 

How does a focal cartilage implant work?

A focal implant may prevent further damage in a way analogous to a dental filling, providing an alternative to a joint replacement. Patients with such a problem are often relatively young with otherwise healthy joint cartilage.

Synonyms: 
Inlay arthroplasty
Metal resurfacing implants
Focal implant
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Report of a visit to JRF Ortho, who supply allografts to surgeons.

Discussion looking at the alternatives to a joint replacement in active patients whose osteoarthritis tends to be limited.

Which articular cartilage repair procedure?

Part 3 of an in-depth review on Articular Cartilage Repair by Karen Hambly PhD BSc MCSP (Sports Scientist/Physiotherapist).

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CLINICAL PUBLICATIONS

The clinical outcome of the different HemiCAP and UniCAP knee implants: A systematic and comprehensive review. Malahias MA, Chytas D, Thorey F. Orthop Rev (Pavia). 2018 Jun 14;10(2):7531.

Cartilage Health in Knees Treated with Metal Resurfacing Implants or Untreated Focal Cartilage Lesions: A Preclinical Study in Sheep.. Martinez-Carranza N, Hultenby K, Lagerstedt AS, Schupbach P, Berg HE. Cartilage. 2017 Jul 1:1947603517720260. doi: 10.1177/1947603517720260. [Epub ahead of print].

See also -


 

eBook - Knee arthritis interventions when you are too young for a total knee replacement

Easy-to-read book about the patient who has arthritis but is not yet of an age for a knee replacement.