Distal realignment procedures are those surgical procedures performed below the kneecap in an attempt to better align it in the groove of the underlying femur bone.


Patellar instability

Distal realignment may be performed for recurrent patellar instability, such as recurrent subluxation or dislocation.


The unstable patella

A discussion about patellar instability, the factors that may cause the patella to sublux or dislocate, and what can be done about it.



Ligament Reconstruction versus Distal Realignment for Patellar Dislocation. Sillanpää P, Mattila VM, Visuri T, Mäenpää H and Pihlajamäki H. Clin Orthop Relat Res. 2008 Jun; 466(6): 1475–1484.

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