A collagen scaffold is a commercial product that is formed from collagen material pre-shaped to suit the anatomical structure for which it is to be used.
Populating the scaffold with cells
By soaking the scaffold in the patient's blood or specially-prepared cells, the cells regenerate using the collagen scaffold as a template.
Three Dimensional Collagen Scaffold Promotes Intrinsic Vascularisation for Tissue Engineering Applications. Chan EC, Kuo S-M, Kong AM, Morrison WA, Dusting GJ, Mitchell GM, Lim SY and Guei-Sheung Liu G-S. PLoS One. 2016; 11(2): e0149799.