Arthroscopic abrasion is a surgical technique for the management of early arthritis, where the surgeon takes a rotating burr and rubs the damaged surface down to bleeding bone.

 

Rationale behind arthroscopic abrasion

The philosophy behind arthroscopic abrasion is that blood vessels will nourish the damaged area and primitive blood cells will reform into joint cartilage cells and cover the damaged area with a new healthy surface.

The term 'arthroscopic abrasion' is often used interchangeably with the term 'abrasion arthroplasty', but the latter should really be reserved for instances where a deformed arthritic joint surface is re-shaped using the technique of arthroscopic abrasion.

Synonyms: 
abrasion arthroplasty
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Surgical cartilage repair for knee osteoarthritis

An overview of the various options available for surgical cartilage repair of the knee.

Surgery to slow established patellofemoral arthritis

Part 9 of a course on Patellofemoral Pain by Dr Ronald Grelsamer of Mount Sinai Hospital in New York.

Articular cartilage repair

A short but sound overview of the issue of damage to the joint cartilage, and what can be done about it.

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CLINICAL PUBLICATIONS

Arthroscopic abrasion arthroplasty: a review. Johnson LL. Clin Orthop Relat Res. 2001 Oct;(391 Suppl):S306-17.


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