The objectives of knee rehabilitation include:

 

  • to protect the joint in the early stages from further mechanical injury via the appropriate use of braces, crutches or sticks.
  • to reduce internal swelling as soon as possible to allow full mobilisation
  • to reduce inflammation, so that adhesions are not formed and that secondary destruction is not initiated by enzyme release from the inflamed tissues
  • to identify infection early before it has a chance to spread
  • to restore range of motion (ROM) to prevent later permanent limitation of flexion or extension
  • to maintain muscle responsiveness and limit inhibition in the early phases and actual wasting in the later stages
  • to free adhesions so that they do not organise into thicker scar tissue, which might lock up the joint
  • to rebuild muscle strength to restore function and also to stabilise the joint and protect it from further injury
  • to restore gait patterns to prevent strain in the back or hip or the other leg
  • to restore proprioception or internal spatial awareness in the knee, to prevent damaging it again
  • to build endurance to strengthen bones and the cardiovascular system (heart and lungs)
  • to build nutritional awareness to optimise weight and correct dietary imbalances

 

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