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What kind of problems do you get with 'knee cartilages'?

These are the more common 'knee cartilage' (meniscus) problems:

Meniscal tear

The meniscus may be torn in an injury, usually a twisting injury. There may be severe pain at the time. Maybe some swelling due to bleeding inside the joint. May progress to a feeling of instability and joint line tenderness.

 

Meniscal avulsion

The ends of the meniscus may be ripped up from their attachment to the underlying tibia bone.

 

Meniscal degeneration

The meniscus wears out, becoming friable at its edges and less effective as a shock absorber.

 

Displaced tear with locking

A specific type of tear of the meniscus, where the fragment flips over and locks the joint. This is the common cause of a knee which cannot fully straighten after and injury.

 

Broken off fragment with loose body

If the torn fragment breaks off it may float in the joint as a 'loose body', and cause catching or locking.

 

Meniscal cyst

A fluid-filled lump which you can feel at the joint line. Arises from the meniscus, often from a pre-existing horizontal cleavage tear (a hidden horizontal tear).

 

Updated: 15 Apr, 2013
ABOUT THE AUTHOR

Dr Sheila Strover

Clinical Editor
Degrees: 
BSc (Hons)
MB BCh
MBA

Dr Sheila Strover is the founder of the KNEEguru website. Although not a knee surgeon, she has a sound understanding of knee surgery and...

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Word of the Day

This refers to the shiny white cap at the end of articulating bones (bones forming joints). The common term would be 'gristle', like the gristle at the end of a chicken bone.

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