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Introduction to the collateral ligaments

On the inner aspect of the knee the medial collateral ligament (MCL) connects femur to tibia, and on the outer aspect the lateral collateral ligament (LCL) connects the femur to the fibula, the thinner bone adjacent to the tibia.

Image of knee showing the position of the collateral ligaments

Both sets of ligaments - collaterals and cruciates - are necessary to maintain full stability of the knee joint.

For clarification, a ligament is a fibrous structure which connects from bone to bone (in contrast to a tendon which connects from bone to muscle).

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Updated: 31 Dec, 2014
ABOUT THE AUTHOR

Dr Sheila Strover

Clinical Editor
Degrees: 
BSc (Hons)
MB BCh
MBA

Dr Sheila Strover is the founder of the KNEEguru website. Although not a knee surgeon, she has a sound understanding of knee surgery and...

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