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The patella is the kneecap, the small bone sitting over the front of the knee. Plural = 'patellae'.

What is a Patella?

Synonyms: 
kneecap
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Understanding the groove under the kneecap

The relationship of the kneecap - or patella - to the underlying bone is very important.

Every step that a person takes transmits forces through the kneecap. Anything affecting the normal function of the kneecap will knock on to affect gait, kneecap stability and kneecap comfort.

 

The kneecap's bony relationships

The kneecap, or patella, exists embedded within the...

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This page demonstrates the bones of the knee - femur, tibia, and patella. The shock-absorbing menisci fill the gap between the rounded ends of the femur bone and the flattened upper surface of the tibia bone. The cruciate ligaments act as a 'stay' to allow movement of the femur and tibia, without the movement being excessive.

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