Osteotomy related to the knee is a surgical procedure where the bone is cut and realigned or repositioned to improve the forces going through the knee, thereby improving knee pain.
Osteotomies may also be done to improve the cosmetic appearance of the limb.
Common osteotomy procedures relating to the knee include:
Laminar spreaders open the wedge of a high tibial osteotomy, and then the bone is held in the new position with a plate and screws until new bone fills the gap.
Tibial Tubercle Osteotomies: a Review of a Treatment for Recurrent Patellar Instability. Grimm NL, Lazarides AL, and Amendola A. Curr Rev Musculoskelet Med. 2018 Jun;11(2):266-271.
Deterioration of patellofemoral cartilage status after medial open-wedge high tibial osteotomy. Knee Surg Sports Traumatol Arthrosc. 2018 Sep 8. doi: 10.1007/s00167-018-5128-7. [Epub ahead of print].