A scoring system used by doctors to 'measure' pain.
A tear of the meniscus, where an oblique tear rounds off to resemble a parrot's beak.
Same as 'unicompartmental knee replacement'.
A knee rehabilitation exercise (stretch).
Grafting cartilage cells in the form of a tissue 'paste'.
Same as 'patella infera'.
Plural of 'patella'.
The adjective to describe things related to the patella.
The position of the kneecap relative to the groove in the underlying femur bone into which it slides when the knee is bent and straightened.
An uncomfortable clunk noise (and feeling) of the patella, usually associated with certain types of knee replacement, and due to scarring above the patella.
A painful and distressing event, when the patella jumps clean out of the restraining walls of the groove in which it normally rides.
An abnormally-shaped patella.
Same as 'patellofemoral instability'.
When the patella rides suddenly up the side of its groove, but does not fully dislocate.
Same as 'patellar tendinopathy'.
A disorder of the patellar tendon.
The patellar tilt test assesses the amount of patellar tilt which can be elicited by an examiner.
The word 'dislocation' implies that the two bones of a joint totally leave their normal relationship, and the joint assumes an abnormal position. So patellofemoral dislocation refers to this happening in the joint between the patella (kneecap) and the femur (thighbone), where the patella jumps completely out of the walls of the groove in the femur bone, and the joint looks horribly deformed.
Instability of a joint is when the bones of a joint move abnormally out of their normal relationship, and the person feels that the joint 'cannot be trusted' or 'gives way'. In patellofemoral instabilty it is the patella (kneecap) and its underlying femur bone (thighbone) that are problematic.
The word 'subluxation' implies that the two bones of a joint temporarily and partially leave their normal relationship, and the joint nearly dislocates but then returns to the normal position again. So patellofemoral subluxation refers to this happening in the joint between the patella (kneecap) and the femur (thighbone), where the patella briefly jumps almost out of the walls of the groove in the femur bone, but then returns to its normal position.
Same as Patellofemoral pain syndrome
Abbreviation of 'posterior cruciate ligament'.
Abbreviation of 'primary care physician'.
Same as 'pulmonary embolus'.
Close around the joint.
Anatomical 'gutters' alongside the patella.
The periosteum is the thin web-like covering of fibrous tissue around the outside of bones.
The pes anserine bursa is a sac (lined space) under the attachments of the pes anserine tendons on the inner aspect of the knee.
This is an abbreviation of 'pes anserine' tendons.
Same as 'Patellofemoral pain syndrome'
Abbreviation of 'patellofemoral syndrome'.
Physes are the growth plates of bones.
Physiotherapy is a health care profession concerned with human function and movement and maximising potential.
The growth plate near the end of bones, from which the new bone cells develop.
An unusual condition of the lining inside the knee joint, where the synovial cells are abnormal - proliferating into both villi (fronds) and nodules, laden with a brown pigment.
A knee rehabilitation exercise (stretch).
Buttock pain due to tightening or irritation of the piriformis muscle.
Abbreviation of 'partial knee replacement'.
A placebo is a dummy drug.
Abbreviation of 'posterolateral corner'.
The 'plica syndrome' refers to a collection of associated symptoms which are caused by the nipping inside the knee of a fold of joint lining (the plica) between the bone of the femur (thigh bone) and the extensor structures of the knee (kneecap or the muscles above it).
Referring to stem cells - a cell that has the capacity to differentiate into any cell type within the three main tissue groups of the body.
A plastic. High grade polyethylene may be a component of a surgical implant, such as a knee replacement.
Long chain molecule used for making plastics.
Relating to the popliteal area, ie the recess at the back of the knee.
The indented area at the back of the knee. Also called the popliteal space.
A small but important muscle at the back of the knee.
Same as 'popliteus tendinitis'.
Posterior means 'behind'.
The posterior cruciate is one of the two cruciate ligaments which are important in stabilising the knee.
This is a 'positional' word - meaning behind and to the outer aspect.
This is a 'positional' word - meaning behind and to the inner aspect.
The posterolateral corner of the knee is the region on the outer aspect, towards the back of the knee.
Protection, Rest, Ice, Compression, Elevation
Simple rules for managing the injured or inflamed knee.
The Pridie Procedure is a procedure from the 1980s, where damaged joint surface is drilled with a fine drill, to enable stem cells to migrate from the bone marrow underneath and to cover the surface with new fibrocartilage cells.
Small carbon fibre rods produced in the '80s, and used in association with the Pridie procedure.
A family doctor.
In the early stages of an illness.
The prodrome is the early phase of a medical problem, before the incident is fully apparent but early symptoms have started.
This a positional word - which refers to a position closer to the head.
Proximal realignment procedures are those surgical procedures performed above the kneecap in an attempt to better align it in the groove of the underlying femur bone along which it makes contact during beding and straightening.
Pseudo means 'false'.
Abbreviation of 'physical therapist'.
A pulmonary embolus is a clot in the lungs.
Abbreviation of 'pigmented villonodular synovitis'.