Keyhole surgery is surgery performed with thin instruments through two or more tiny cuts, or portals.
The KinCom isokinetic machine is a sophisticated apparatus for both exercising the knee and for determining various parameters of muscle strenth.
The term 'knee cartilage' could refer to either the meniscal cartilage(s) (meaning the 'meniscus' which is the shock absorber sandwiched between the long bones of the knee) or the articular cartilage (the gristle covering the ends of the bones of the knee).
Knee pain is pain felt in the knee.
There is no particular qualification in knee surgery itself. Most surgeons specialising in knee surgery are qualified in general orthopaedic surgery, and have gravititated towards specialising in knees.
Abbreviation of 'Knee and Osteoarthritis Outcome Score.'