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KNEE Dictionary beginning with H

Essential knee terminology
Click one of the letters above to go to the page of all terms beginning with that letter.
Haemangioma search for term

A kind of blood vessel tumour formed by the overgrowth of blood vessel lining cells.

Haemarthrosis search for term

Haem' means blood and 'arthrosis' means joint so a haemarthrosis is bleeding into a joint.

Haematoma search for term

A haematoma is a collection or pooling of blood in an area of the body.

Haemopoietic stem cells search for term

Stem cells capable of differentiating into the various cells of the blood.

Hamstrings search for term

The 'hamstrings' or 'hamstrings muscles' are the muscles at the back of the thigh.

Hamstrings graft search for term

A hamstrings graft is a transplant replacing a torn cruciate ligament using one of the hamstrings tendons from the back of the knee - the semi-tendinosis, together with another muscle, the gracilis.

Hamstrings injury search for term

An injury to the hamstrings muscle or tendon.

Hamstrings stretch search for term

A hamstrings stretch is a stretch of tight hamstrings muscles at the back of the thigh.

Harpoon search for term

A 'harpoon' in knee surgery is the term sometimes given to small bio-degradeable barbed devices which are shot through the two parts of a torn meniscus to holda loose fragment while it is being attended to.

Hauser procedure search for term

The Hauser procedure used to be performed for recurrent dislocation of the patella.

Health Professions Council search for term

The Health Professions Council (HPC) is an independent, UK-wide health regulator for thirteen different professions including physiotherapy.

Heel slides search for term

A rehabilitation exercise.

Heel slides (facilitated) search for term

A rehabilitation exercise.

Hemarthrosis search for term

American spelling of haemarthrosis.

Hematoma search for term

American spelling of haematoma.

Hemicallotasis search for term

Hemicallotasis is a procedure where the bone (usually upper tibia) is cut through half its width and then the two parts are slowly distracted (pulled apart) using a special apparatus called an external fixator.

hESC search for term

Human embryonic stem cell - a stem cell derived from a human embryo.

Heterotopic ossification search for term

Heterotopic ossification is a condition where bone forms in places where it should not form, usually in soft tissue.

High tibial osteotomy search for term

An 'osteotomy' is an operation where a bone is cut and re-positioned. The 'tibia' is the shin bone. In a high tibial osteotomy the bone of the upper tibia is cut and repositioned.

Hip abduction search for term

A knee rehabilitation exercise.

Hip adduction search for term

A knee rehabilitation exercise.

Hip extensions search for term

A knee rehabilitation exercise.

Hip external rotation search for term

A knee rehabilitation exercise.

Hip external rotation & abduction search for term

A knee rehabilitation exercise.

Hip flexion & adduction search for term

A knee rehabilitation exercise.

Hip flexions search for term

A knee rehabilitation exercise.

HIV search for term

Abbreviation of 'human immunodeficiency virus'.

HO search for term

Abbreviation of 'heterotopic ossification'.

Hoffa's disease search for term

A disorder of the fat pad, characterised by pain at the front of the knee, and often an effusion and signs suggestive of ligament instability.

Hoffa's sign search for term

Hoffa's sign is pain and distress when straightening the bent knee while an examiner presses deeply with the thumbs on either side of the patellar tendon.

Hoffa's syndrome search for term

The same thing as Hoffa's disease.

Hoffa's test search for term

Hoffa's test is a clinical test for a damaged fat pad.

Hopping search for term

A knee rehabilitation exercise.

Horizontal cleavage tear search for term

A horizontal cleavage tear is a degenerative tear of a meniscus, extending into the meniscus substance, and cleaving it horizontally into two parts, like a clam.

Housemaid's knee search for term

The same thing as 'pre-patellar bursitis'.

HPC search for term

Abbreviation of 'Health Professions Council'.

HSC search for term

Haemopoietic stem cell - capable of developing into various blood cells.

HTO search for term

Abbreviation of 'high tibial osteotomy'.

Human immunodeficiency virus search for term

Human Immunodeficiency Virus (HIV) is the virus which causes AIDS.

Hyaline cartilage search for term

The same thing as 'articular cartilage'.

Hyperextension search for term

Extension means 'straightening'. When the knee is straight it is said to be extended. Extension is when the angle between the thigh bone and the shin bone is 0 degrees. 'Hyperextension' is when the knee continues to bend a few more degrees on from this straight position.

Hyperextension injury search for term

Injury from excessive hyperextension (knee bending backwards).

Hypermobility search for term

Hypermobility means that the joints are unusually mobile.

Hypermobility syndrome search for term

A hypermobility syndrome is a group of symptoms and signs tending to occur together and in which the joints are unusually mobile.

Hypertrophic search for term

'Hyper' means 'too much'. 'Trophy' means 'growth'. The word hypertrophy means excessive growth.

Hypertrophy search for term

'Hyper' means 'too much'. 'Trophy' means 'growth'. The word hypertrophy means excessive growth.

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