The gastrocnemius muscle is the big muscle that makes the bulge at the back of the calf.
The word 'genu' means 'knee'. Genu varum means 'bow knees' or 'bow-legs'.
When one talks of the knee 'giving way' it means that the knee suddenly and unexpectedly is unable to support the person, and the leg just buckles, leading to stumbling or falling.
'Gon' means 'knee'. 'Arthrosis' means 'disorder of the joint'. Gonarthrosis thus means a disorder of the knee joint, generally inferring early joint surface damage of any kind, while 'gonarthritis' infers more advanced arthritic destruction.
'Gon' means 'knee'. 'Arthrosis' means 'disorder of the joint'. Gonarthrosis thus means a disorder of the knee joint, generally implying early joint surface damage of any kind, while 'gonarthritis' implies more advanced arthritic destruction. It is a bit of an old-fashioned term.
Gore-Tex is the trade name for expanded polytetrafluoroethylene (PTFE).
Abbreviation for 'General Practitioner'.
A graft is an implantation of body tissue into a different situation, where it will grow its own blood supply and start to function in the new postion.
When body parts are taken for transplantation (or re-implantation into the same person) the procedure is known as tissue 'harvest'. A graft harvest is thus the procedure of taking body material for use in a graft, such as a ligament graft, a meniscus graft or a bone graft.
A graze is a superficial injury where the knee is scraped along a rough surface, eg the road.
An area of bone, near the end of the bone, from which the new bone cells develop.