Abbreviation for 'American Academy of Orthopaedic Surgeons'.
Moving the limb away from the other limb, to the side.
A muscle which, when contracted, causes the limb to abduct.
Frictional rubbing of one thing against another.
A surgical procedure to smooth off bits of damaged joint cartilage.
An acceleration injury of the knee can occur when the leg is suddenly moved moved into action.
Abbreviation for 'autologous chondrocyte implantation'.
Abbreviation for 'anterior cruciate ligament'.
Abbreviation for 'autologous chondrocyte transplantation'.
A polyurethane meniscal scaffold to replace damaged meniscus, and into which new tissue can grow.
A system, based on traditional Chinese medicine, of needling special points on the body to relieve pain or improve well-being.
Moving the limb towards the other limb, towards the middle.
A muscle which, when contracted, adducts the limb.
Abbreviation for 'anterior interval release'.
Abbreviation for 'anterior knee pain'.
Exquisite over-sensitivity of the skin, where light touch is felt as pain or marked discomfort.
Alta means 'high'.
A professional body to which most American Orthopaedic Surgeons would choose to belong.
The American Orthopaedic Society for Sports Medicine (AOSSM) is a national organisation of orthopaedic surgeons specialising in sports medicine, including national and international sports medicine leaders.
Amputation can be above knee, through knee or below knee.
Analgesics are painkillers.
Anatomy means the 'shape' of the structures in the body, and how the different parts correspond to one another.
Aneural means 'without a nerve supply'.
An aneurysm is a 'blow-out' of a blood vessel at a point of weakness, where it may bulge or even rupture.
An angiogram is an X-ray investigation of the blood vessels, where a contrast agent is injected into the blood vessel and an X-ray taken.
Anterior means 'in front' or 'in front of'.
The anterior cruciate ligament (ACL) is one of the two cruciate ligaments inside the knee. It prevents the tibia (shinbone) from excessive forward motion relative to the femur (thighbone), and also prevents too much inwards twisting.
An anterior interval release is a surgical procedure to remove scar tissue in the 'anterior interval'.
Anterior knee pain means simply 'pain in the front of the knee'.
Anteversion is a rotational deformity, eg of the long bones of the leg.
Abbreviation for 'American Orthopaedic Society for Sports Medicine'.
A fibrous sheet-like expansion of a tendon.
A small barbed fixation device for meniscal repair.
Surgical cutting and removing of scar tissue in a stiff joint.
An arthroscope is an instrument for looking into the knee.
A knee rehabilitation exercise.
A knee rehabilitation exercise.
An athletic trainer is a professional specialising in athletic health care.
Atrophy means tissue wasting with actual loss of tissue cells (eg muscle atrophy, limb atrophy).
'Autografts' are grafts (transplants) taken from one part of a person's body and transferred to another part of the same person.
Derived from the same person. A term used to describe a transplant of cells or tissues from one part of the body to another in the same person.
The word 'autologous' means 'from the same body'. 'Chondrocyte' means 'a joint cartilage cell'. So the procedure of autologous chondrocyte implantation (ACI) is to do with the implantation of a person's own joint cartilage cells back into their body.
Same procedure as 'autologous chondrocyte implantation'.
A one-stage cartilage repair technique, where the cartilage defect is cleaned up, microfracture performed, and then covered with a collagen matrix held in place with a combination of fibrin glue and the patient's own serum.
If a tissue is 'avascular' it is not supplied by blood vessels.
Avascular necrosis is cell death caused by interruption of the blood supply.
Avulsion means 'tearing from its base'.
If you decided to squeeze down a manhole in the pavement, then the pavement would be in an axial plane in relation to your body.