Articular cartilage is the white gristle covering the ends of joint bones ('articulating' bones). It is also called joint cartilage or hyaline cartilage.

It is damage to the articular cartilage which is called 'arthritis' and in the knee all efforts are geared towards preventing any damage or breakdown of this all-essential joint surface, as it has a poor blood supply and does not heal well if damaged.

inset showing articular cartilage of knee grade 4 cartilage damage  
The white articular cartilage has a very special internal structure, with the cartilage cells suspended in pockets within a background matrix. Fibrillar wear of the articular cartilage. The yellowish bone is showing through on the top of the tibia.  
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An interpretation of an article published in the orthopaedic literature in 2012.

Dr Adrian Wilson discusses frankly his own views on ACI procedures.

Articular cartilage repair

A short but sound overview of the issue of damage to the joint cartilage, and what can be done about it.

Who's Who in articular cartilage repair?

List compiled by the Editor of those knee surgeons around the world who have shown a special interest in articular cartilage repair.

Introduction to articular cartilage repair

Part 1 of an in-depth review on Articular Cartilage Repair by Dr Karen Hambly PhD MCSP (Sports Scientist/Physiotherapist).

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Knee arthritis interventions when you are too young for a total knee replacement - ebook


Clearing up confusion about knee cartilage - ebook