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'Arthro' means 'joint' and 'fibrosis' means 'scarring'. Arthrofibrosis means internal scarring of the joint, with possible consequent stiffness.

Arthrofibrosis is a complication of knee injury or surgery where an excessive scar tissue response leads to painful restriction of knee motion, with scar tissue forming within the joint and soft tissue spaces and persisting despite routine rehabilitation exercises and stretches. The term may involve flexion loss, extension loss or both.

The consequent pain may lead to the cascade of quadriceps weakness, patellar tendon adaptive shortening and scarring in the tissues around the patella - with an end stage of permanent patella infera - where the patella is pulled down into an abnormal position where it becomes vulnerable to joint surface damage. In severe cases of arthrofibrosis the disorder becomes progressive and the whole capsule may become thickened and tight with almost no movement possible in the joint.

Despite this potentially disastrous cascade of events, patients with developing arthrofibrosis and early patella infera may avoid the necessity for surgical intervention by participating in a closely supervised therapy programme. The key is early recognition and referral to a unit experienced in dealing with arthrofibrosis.

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Knee Arthrofibrosis: Everything You Need to Know to Recognize, Treat, and Prevent Loss of Knee Motion After Injury or Surgery

30 Dec, 2014
Image of Knee Arthrofibrosis: Everything You Need to Know to Recognize, Treat, and Prevent Loss of Knee Motion After Injury or Surgery

This e-book is from two knee experts, offering detailed and practical protocols for recognition and management of this difficult knee complication.


How I gained range of motion after Hivamat treatments

03 May, 2014

Gray Arrant



by Gray Arrant MBA

My name is Gray Arrant. I have been associated as a member with the bulletin board of...

2007 - Functional Problems and Arthrofibrosis Following Total Knee Arthroplasty

06 Feb, 2009

An 'interpretation' of an article from 2007 discussing problem that interfere with joint function after knee replacement.


Arthrofibrosis after patellar injury or surgery

01 Aug, 2008

A brief explanation of arthrofibrosis in relation to the kneecap.

2005 - Arthrofibrosis: Evaluation, Prevention, and Treatment.

21 Mar, 2008

An 'interpretation' of a medical publication from 2005 where the authors offer surgeons a list of practical advice about arthrofibrosis of the knee.




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